The Future of Pool Cleaning with Nanotechnology (Using Nano-ceramic Coatings)

pool cleaning with nanotechnology

All pool owners want the same thing from their pools, sparkling clear blue water. Rather than elbow grease, pool cleaning with nanotechnology is emerging as a smart option for savvy pool owners now.  Another alternative for prospective pool owners is the emergence of a nano-ceramic coating for pools. Nanotechnology is slowly making its presence felt in cleaning applications across a diverse range of industry sectors.


Self-Cleaning Pools

A number of the leading swimming pool designers have been exploring the self-cleaning pool concept. They use a self-cleaning system to reduce the ability of dirt to adhere to the surface of the pool lining.


The most basic approach uses a series of jet nozzles in the floor of the pool to force the dirt into a drainage system. This then transports the dirt into the pool’s dirt basket which is then emptied during routine pool maintenance.


Some models have jets located around the stairs, ensuring the self-cleaning process doesn’t miss a surface area. There is potential here to leverage this moving current of oxygenated water to improve cleaning performance as well as reduce the effort required in keeping a pool clean.


Pool Cleaning With Nanotechnology


Applying a nano-coating to a pool lining provides a different approach to the self-cleaning pool concept by coating the lining surface with microscopic, hydrophobic particles.


The concept of pool cleaning with nanotechnology keeps the pool surfaces free of dirt and algae, thus creating a more effective cleaning process. Hydrophobic particles have the ability to repel dirt and interact with the pool water in a way that creates a cleaner pool surface; a pool surface less hospitable to algae and grime. Essentially, this would result in a true “self-cleaning” pool surface.


Nano-materials based on the lotus leaf principle offer an intelligent way of mimicking nature in a pool environment. Nano-ceramic coatings provide a practical approach for protecting ceramic surfaces that are easy to apply.


Nature provided much of the inspiration for the early generation of nanotechnology-based materials. Scientists observed how the lotus leaves always appear to stay clean and free of dirt regardless of their environment. The surface of the lotus leaf is hydrophobic, repelling water, which forms droplets that run down the leaf and carry dirt particles away with them.


Pool cleaning with nanotechnology using nano-ceramic coatings offers a different application of this Lotus-effect. A fine coating is applied to the surface of a pool’s tiled surface. Dirt, algae, and other particles are unable to stick to the tiles of the pool minimizing the need for cleaning. This invisible protective layer works on most pool surfaces and mosaic tiles.


Another approach to pool cleaning with nanotechnology is to combine nano-emulsions within a robot pool cleaner. This allows a more effective, energy efficient automated solution to the pool-cleaning problem.


Robotic Pool Cleaners & Nano-Emulsions

Robotic pool cleaners are common amongst pool owners. Modern robotic pool cleaning devices have the ability to map a route around the pool’s surface.  These devices easily clean the pool in an energy-efficient manner. They also limit the need for hands-on cleaning as well as the use of additional chemicals.


Leading pool-cleaning robots have an internal cleaning system combining automated scrubbing brushes, a dirt canister, and a dispenser. This dispenser can be used to release nano-emulsions to aid cleaning.


While nano-particles on the surfaces act to actively repel dirt and grime, nano-particles suspended in cleaning solutions can help to break down those dirt deposits. Cleaning solutions with nano-emulsions actively target the dirt and grime.  As oil emulsion particles mix with detergents, they attract and bind dirt and grime for a more streamlined cleaning process. Like many nano-particles, nano-emulsions are a popular cleaning agent due to their high surface area per unit volume together with their stability, strength, and transparency.


Advances in nanotechnology will continue to drive down the size of materials and nano-devices.  Consequently, these devices will shrink further and become simpler and more convenient to apply without sacrificing their performance.


The same is proving true for pool-related intelligent technology applications such as robotic pool cleaners. As computer chips shrink in both size and costs, the next generation of these robotic pool cleaners is likely to grow smarter and more adaptable while continuing to become more compact in size.


This could translate into robotic pool cleaners which are lightweight and more maneuverable.  Good news for anyone who has ever had to lift a pool cleaning robot out of their pool!


Self-Cleaning Glass Pool Fences

Glass pool fences are a popular feature in outdoor areas. As such, self-cleaning glass is an interesting application for nano-ceramic coatings. 


Nano-ceramic protective glass coatings are a thin layer of nano-particles on the glass surface.  This layer transforms the properties of the glass, without detracting from its visual appearance or transparency. The ceramic particles are photo-catalytic and hydrophilic.


UV rays energize the particles within the glass which then loosens the organic molecules adhering to the glass surface. The particles hydrophilic property attracts water molecules. The water then spreads over the ceramic-coated surface and washes the loosened dirt and grime away. The protective process then reduces the need for deep cleaning and scrubbing.  This is because the algae, dirt, and grime normally coating the glass wall have nothing to adhere to.


The Future Of Pool Cleaning

On the whole, all these developments will combine to change the way we clean our pools in the future. A mixture of these methods and products look to provide the best approach in applying the concept within the context of pool cleaning with nanotechnology.

Robotic pool cleaners are likely to prove to be a tool of choice. This is because of their hands-free convenience, intelligent automation, ability to apply a nano-particle enhanced emulsifier to the pool surface, as well as their enhanced nano-technology based cleaning action.

A robot working on a repellent floor of nano-ceramic would also need to exert less effort. The addition of a self-cleaning glass wall then reduces the surfaces that require cleaning, while also improving the view. The self-cleaning pool is not a complete myth, but the best model isn’t the one full of jets. There is a better option.


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Final Word

All things considered, the cleaning and maintenance required to keep a pool sparkling clean and safe to use are never-ending. In the near future, rather than having to struggle with messy dirt baskets, telescopic pool poles, skimmers, vacuum heads and hoses, and pool cleaners, there will be a new generation of self-cleaning nano-particle protected pool surfaces, robotic cleaners able to disperse nano-particle enhanced emulsions, and even self-cleaning glass fences too!

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